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Lawn Grasses

Person standing in green grass

Selecting lawn grasses can be complicated.

A beautiful lawn is not maintained year after year without effort. Make sure you select the right turf grass that fits your specific needs. Before planting consider answering these questions.

What type of environment limitations does your yard provide?

  • The geographic location of Tulsa, Oklahoma. (Transition Zone)
  • Cool season grass, warm season grass, or blended
  • Sunlight? Full sun, Partial sun (how many hours), No sun
  • Water? Irrigation system or garden hose sprinkler
  • Soil Conditions? Type, Quality-Poor/Rich, Compacted/loose
  • Terrain? Flat/Sloped, Holds water, fast watershed

How much time, money and maintenance are you willing to spend?

  • High?
  • Medium?
  • Low?

What are your personal needs?

  • Appearance
  • High traffic or wear tolerance
  • Erosion control
  • General lawn
  • Basic activities
  • Wintergreen lawn
  • Fill in shaded areas

To be successful, choose a turf grass that will tolerate wide fluctuations in temperature and moisture present in our area.

Warm season grasses

Warm season grasses are ideal for southern climates. They need to get full sun and spread very quickly. They are tough and grow best in the heat of 80 to 95 degrees. Most are excellent against wilting from drought and does well at maintaining a green color. Warm season grasses do not stay green all year, however, they do come back better and thicker each year. Established by seed, plugs, and sprigs, or sod.

Cool season grasses

Cool season grasses are primarily found in northern climates but are proven to be successful in eastern and northeastern Oklahoma. They need temperatures of 60 to 70 degrees to grow well. During the hot months of summer, they go dormant or suffer injury and limit turf grass success to shaded areas and lawns with sprinkler systems. This weakened condition causes grass loss, thinning, and weed intrusion. Cool season grasses age out and die causing the need to be seeded once or twice every year to maintain a thick, lush lawn. In this area, cool season grasses usually perform best with the proper mix of grasses. When selecting a cool season grass, choose a blended variety that provides the maximum amount of pest resistance and environmental adaptability.

A Green Lawn During the Winter.

When a fine-textured green lawn is desired, perennial ryegrass may be seeded over established bermuda. Lasting October through April, it provides an inferior quality winter turf. However, be aware that some of the grass may remain in spring causing it to become a weed. To remedy this, once late spring arrives, scalping the lawn will usually get rid of what remains.

*Adaptation & Establishment of some Turf grasses in the Tulsa Area